Motorcycle Gear For Every Biker

September 24, 2016

Outlaw Biker Film

Behind The Scenes – The Making Of The Movie “Deliverance”
Outlaw biker film
Image by brizzle born and bred
Behind The Scenes – The Making Of The Movie "Deliverance"

Intent on seeing the Cahulawassee River before it’s turned into one huge lake, outdoor fanatic Lewis Medlock takes his friends on a river-rafting trip they’ll never forget into the dangerous American back-country.

Director: John Boorman.
Writers: James Dickey (screenplay), James Dickey (novel)
Stars: Jon Voight, Burt Reynolds, Ned Beatty.

It turns out not to be a good weekend when four friends from Atlanta set out to canoe a rugged and remote stretch of water before it’s drowned forever by the construction of a new dam. What’s more disturbing, the backwater nightmare that the four city guys find themselves in, or the fact that the movie generated a whitewater tourist boom in the area it was filmed? It goes to show that there’s no such thing as bad publicity.

In fairness, the canoeing is thrilling and – despite the best efforts of director John Boorman and cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmond to make the landscape less ‘pretty’ by desaturating the colour – the wild, unspoiled river looks stunning.

The film was made on location up in the northeastern corner of Georgia, around Rabun Gap and Clayton in Rabun County, towards the border with the Carolinas. The fictitious ‘Cahulawassee River’ down which Lewis (Burt Reynolds), Ed (Jon Voight) and co canoe is, for the most part, the Chattooga River, defining the state’s border with South Carolina, and flowing south into Lake Tugaloo.

The section of river used in the film is the roughly 10-mile stretch south from Earl’s Ford Road, running beneath Highway 76, Lookout Mountain Scenic Highway, to Lake Tugaloo itself.

Although the Chattooga has its share of famous rapids – which include Bull Sluice and Five Falls – the movie was filmed at the less well known Screaming Left Turn, Raven Rock and the striking geological formation now inevitably known as Deliverance Rock.

Apart from the river, Rabun County, offers miles of hiking trails, lakes and the Blue Ridge Mountains for those looking for a real outdoors experience.

If you’re thinking of visiting, there are two things to be aware of: the river was specifically chosen for its inaccessibility; and it’s not for the inexperienced canoeist. In the years following the release of the film, there were several fatalities among those who underestimated the water’s ferocity.

After the loss of one of their canoes and the mysterious death of Drew (Ronny Cox), the calmer stretch of water in which the remaining three find themselves is the spectacular Tallulah Gorge, downstream from Tallulah Falls. It’s here that Ed scales the sheer cliff face to confront the remaining mountain man.

The two-mile-long gorge, a couple of miles west of Tugaloo Lake, is a 1,000-foot deep chasm which, in 1992, became Tallulah Gorge State Park. You can hike rim trails to several overlooks, or you could get a permit to hike to the gorge floor (permits are not issued on some dates, due to water releases).

Since 2002, there’s a suspension bridge 80 feet above the rocky bottom, providing spectacular views of the river and waterfalls.

Famed tightrope walker Karl Wallenda, founder of The Flying Wallendas, probably got the best view of all when he crossed the Gorge on a high-wire in 1970. You’re probably better to content yourself with the historic Tallulah Point Overlook, open daily from 9am to 6pm, on Jane Hurt Yarn Road east of Hwy 441.

In a poignant echo of the film, the rising waters at the end of the film are Lake Jocassee, created when the Duke Power Company flooded Jocassee Valley in 1971. The lake is about 30 miles east of Clayton, over the border in Oconee County, South Carolina.

130 feet below its surface lies Mount Carmel Baptist Church Cemetery, the graveyard from which coffins are seen being moved.

The story was inspired by the flooding of the Coosawattee River, dammed in the 1970s to form Carters Lake. It’s southwest of Ellijay, over 50 miles to the west of the filming location. By the time the film came to be made, it was already too late to use the Coosawattee itself, as the trees had already been stripped from its banks.

Griner Brothers’s house and barn movie " Deliverance"

DELIVERANCE – Behind The Scenes – The Making Of

Deliverance Interviews (Ronny Cox, Jon Voight, Burt Reynolds & Ned Beatty)

"Deliverance" film makes an impact 40 years later

Mr Billy Redden at the site of the banjo scene in the movie Deliverance

Mr. Herbert " Cowboy" Coward villain in Deliverance

Film Facts

John Boorman was born in Shepperton, Middlesex on 18 January 1933. After the Blitzed childhood he evoked in Hope and Glory (1997), national service and a spell in dry-cleaning, he progressed from journalism into television, eventually becoming the head of the BBC’s Bristol-based Documentary Unit in 1962.

In the year after the film’s release, more than 30 people drowned in the Chattooga River while trying to replicate the characters’ adventures.

Burt Reynolds broke his coccyx while going down the rapids when the canoe capsized. Originally, a cloth dummy was used, but it looked too much like a dummy going over a waterfall. While Reynolds recovered, he asked, "How did it look?" Boorman replied, "Like a dummy going over a waterfall."

To minimize costs, the production wasn’t insured, and the actors did their own stunts. Jon Voight actually climbed the cliff.

The rape scene was filmed in one take, largely because Ned Beatty didn’t want to film it repeatedly.

Donald Sutherland turned down a role because he objected to the violence in the script. He later said he regretted that decision.

Much of the film had to have its color desaturated because the river looked too pretty.

Burt Reynolds breakthrough role, transforming him from an actor to a film superstar.

Billy Redden, the boy with the banjo, liked Ronny Cox and hated Ned Beatty. At the end of the dueling banjos scene, the script called for Billy to harden his expression towards Cox’s character, but Billy couldn’t pretend to hate Cox. To solve the problem, they got Beatty to step towards Billy at the close of the shot. As Beatty approached, Billy hardened his expression and looked away.

Billy Redden didn’t appear in another film until 2003, after Tim Burton found him doing dishes in a Georgia restaurant and hired him to play banjo in Big Fish (2003).

When John Boorman was looking for an actor to play the toothless murderous hillbilly, Burt Reynolds suggested Herbert ‘Cowboy’ Coward, who had no front teeth, was illiterate, and stuttered. Reynolds had worked with Coward in a Wild West show in Maggie Valley, NC.

Coward began acting in the Wild West amusement park Ghost Town in the Sky in Maggie Valley, North Carolina. Coward got the role as the murderous toothless mountain man in Deliverance when Burt Reynolds remembered him from working together at the park early in his career. Coward turned up for the audition looking so much like a hillbilly that director John Boorman, who had trouble finding an actor for the part, thought Reynolds had told him what to wear.

In 2007, Coward played the role of Harmon Teaster in the film adaptation of Ghost Town. It was only his second film role and his first in 34 years. Former co-star Bill McKinney from Deliverance played the role of Victor Burnett. Coward has recently starred in Destination America’s Hillbilly Blood.

Billy Redden didn’t know how to play banjo. To simulate realistic chord playing during "Duelling Banjos," another boy, a skilled banjo player, played the chords with his arm reaching around Redden’s side while Redden picked. Musicians Eric Weissberg and Steve Mandel play on the soundtrack.

According to Turner Classic Movies, John Boorman wanted Lee Marvin and Marlon Brando to play Ed and Lewis, respectively. After reading the script, Marvin said he and Brando were too old, and suggested that Boorman use younger actors instead. Boorman agreed, and cast Jon Voight and Burt Reynolds.

Even though his character was very clumsy and uncoordinated, Ned Beatty was the only one of the four main actors with any experience in a canoe prior to shooting.

John Boorman wanted Vilmos Zsigmond as director of photography because he’d famously filmed the 1956 Soviet invasion of Hungary. Boorman reckoned that anyone who had filmed under the threat of Russian tanks and guns would be ideally suited to an intensive and grueling shoot, which Deliverance (1972) promised to be.

To save costs and add to the realism, local residents were cast in the roles of the hill people.

Author James Dickey gave Burt Reynolds a few days of bow and arrow lessons. By the end, Reynolds was quite proficient.

The rape scene as originally scripted consisted mainly of swearing. The "squeal like a pig" phrase was an attempt to "clean up" the scene for TV viewing. John Boorman liked the "cleaner" version, and used it in the film.

According to director John Boorman, the gas station attendant’s jig during "Dueling Banjos" was unscripted and spontaneous.

"Dueling Banjos", which won a Grammy for Best Original Song, is a bluegrass version of "Yankee Doodle".

Ned Beatty’s film debut. His voice laughing is the first human sound on the soundtrack.

Jack Nicholson had agreed to play Ed as long as Marlon Brando played Lewis. However, the actors’ combined fees added up to more than million, half the movie’s budget, forcing director John Boorman to cast cheaper actors.

"Dueling Banjos" was the first scene shot. The rest of the movie was almost entirely shot in sequence.

John Boorman discovered Ronny Cox and Ned Beatty working in theater.

When John Boorman first tapped Jon Voight to appear in the film, the actor was at a low point. His previous film, The All-American Boy (1973), was deemed an unsalvageable mess. Convinced his career was over, Voight credited Boorman with saving his life, then spending the next few months trying to kill him with extreme stunts during filming.

Sam Peckinpah wanted to direct the movie. When John Boorman secured the rights, Peckinpah directed Straw Dogs (1971) instead.

Jon Voight and Marcheline Bertrand were married during filming. Five-year-old Charley Boorman was the pageboy.

Bill McKinney became so closely identified with his role as the Mountain Man that he adopted as the name of his official website.

The cliff climbing scene was shot during the day, and underexposed with a bluish tint added in post-production. "Day for night" shooting was common until the late 1970s because of slow film stocks and anamorphic lenses that didn’t let in as much light as spherical lenses, requiring a lot of lights.

Much of the dialogue is taken almost verbatim from the source novel.

Contrary to popular belief, the deputy at the hospital was played by Lewis Crone, not Ed O’Neill.

Both Charlton Heston and Henry Fonda turned down the role of Lewis. James Stewart was also considered for the role.

The movie was shot primarily on the Chattooga River, which divides South Carolina and Georgia. Additional scenes were shot on the Tallulah Gorge in Georgia, Salem, South Carolina, and Sylva, North Carolina. Shots of the town which did not call for the actors to be present were shot in Monaca, Pennsylvania.

John Boorman and writer James Dickey argued constantly. Boorman later referred to making the film as "going 15 rounds with a heavyweight".

John Boorman had no real intention of using a second unit. One side of the river fell belonged to the New York unit, the other belonged to the Chicago unit.

John Boorman’s gold record for the "Dueling Banjos" hit single was later stolen from his home by Dublin gangster Martin Cahill. Boorman later depicted the crime in his 1998 film about Cahill, The General (1998).

Emory University Chemistry professor Claude Terry consulted on the canoe trip and navigating the Chatooga and other rivers. After the movie’s release, Claude founded Southeastern Expeditions, which provided raft trips with trained guides on whitewater rivers. Rafting the Chatooga, the Ocoee River in Tennessee, and other whitewater rivers has become very popular, especially in the summer. Claude is now retired.

In his memoirs Charlton Heston said he declined the role of Lewis due to his commitment to Antony and Cleopatra (1972).

When the Sundance Film Festival first kicked off in Salt Lake City, in August 1978, this was one of the first selections screened.

Gene Hackman was offered the role of Ed. He wanted to play Lewis, but was turned down.

Despite its title, "Dueling Banjos" actually features a banjo and a guitar.

Director John Boorman’s son Charley Boorman appears near the end of the movie as Ed’s little boy.

During filming, rocks destroyed five wooden canoes and dented the aluminum one severely.

The aluminum canoe has the blue and white logo of Grumman, the aircraft company that built the F-14 Tomcat and the Apollo Lunar Module.

Don Wayne Reno and Arthur Smith are credited with the first recording of "Dueling Banjos" (also known as "Feudin’ Banjos" and "The Battle Of The Banjos"). Prior to "Deliverance" both parts were played with banjos, at the same speed all the way through. Almost all modern bluegrass bands play the "Deliverance" version in the key of G. In the movie both the guitarist and banjo players play it in the key of A.

Ronny Cox was the first actor cast.

In early 1971, Los Angeles Times columnist Joyce Haber announced Jack Nicholson as one of the leads.

Burt Reynolds, Jon Voight, Ned Beatty, and Ronny Cox all did their own paddling.

Author James Dickey would only address the actors by calling them by their character names.

Bill McKinney first auditioned for the role of Lewis Medlock before being cast as the Mountain Man.

Cameo James Dickey: The sheriff, at the end of the film.

Ronny Cox’s shoulder is double-jointed. He suggested to John Boorman that his arm appear twisted around his neck when his body was discovered. No prosthetic was used.

For his death scene, Bill McKinney trained himself to hold his breath and not blink for two minutes.

The infamous "squeal like a pig" rape scene was somewhat improvised. The novel and original screenplay detailed the rape with no porcine lines. Beatty later claimed credit for the pig idea. Christopher Dickey, son of author James Dickey, stated in his book "Summer of Deliverance" that the a crewman suggested the line.

An alternate ending was shot, but cut from the final version. It takes place a few weeks, perhaps months, after the main events. It appears in author/screenwriter James Dickey’s original script as part of the final dream sequence, but not as the story’s literal conclusion. Lewis walks with a crutch (in Dickey’s screenplay, his leg is amputated below the knee). Ed, Lewis, and Bobby meet with Sheriff Bullard near the dam in Aintry. The sheriff directs them to a body on a stretcher, then uncovers it so they can look at its face. No identifiable details of the body are shown, a deliberate choice to make the audience uncertain whether the dead man is Drew, Don Job, or the Toothless Man. The body was played by Christopher Dickey, James Dickey’s son, who writes about the scene in his memoir, "Summer of Deliverance", and even he doesn’t know whose body it was supposed to be. In the screenplay, Ed awakens from the dream, terrified, just before the corpse’s face is revealed.

John Boorman was under great pressure to cut most of Bill McKinney’s death scene. After an argument, he only deleted six frames.

The broken bone jutting from Burt Reynolds’ leg is a broken lamb bone.

Towards the end of the movie, and in the scenes leading up to visiting Lewis in the hospital, Ed and Bobby wear the same shirts (cut, print and style).

William Denison McKinney, actor, born 12 September 1931; died 1 December 2011

Many of Clint Eastwood’s hit films of the 1970s and 80s were made with a stock company of distinctive supporting actors. This kooky troupe included the elfin Sondra Locke, the wild-eyed Geoffrey Lewis and the effortlessly villainous Bill McKinney, who has died of cancer aged 80. Switching between westerns, comedies and thrillers, McKinney was seldom called upon for more than a few minutes of screen time but had the seasoned character actor’s knack of making a memorable first impression. In Thunderbolt and Lightfoot (1974), the first of his seven films with Eastwood, he appears as a gibbering driver with a caged raccoon by his side and a boot full of white rabbits.

He was subsequently cast as the bloodthirsty Terrill, who oversees the massacre of Eastwood’s family in The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976); as an oily, sex-crazed constable coolly ridiculed by Locke in The Gauntlet (1977); as a biker in a horned helmet, almost outclowning Clyde the orangutan in Every Which Way But Loose (1978) and its sequel, Any Which Way You Can (1980); as a one-handed circus performer whose shotgun act has misfired, in Bronco Billy (1980); and as a seen-it-all-before barman in Pink Cadillac (1989).

These thumbnail sketches were usually variations on a theme: southern good ole boys gone bad, men with moonshine on their breath and malevolence in mind. McKinney was mostly used as a comic foil for the perennial straight man Eastwood. But as zany as some of his performances were, there was often an undercurrent of genuine menace, especially for viewers who had seen him in John Boorman’s Deliverance (1972).

Besides its duelling banjos soundtrack, Deliverance remains most famous for a queasily protracted scene in which McKinney (credited as Mountain Man) and Herbert "Cowboy" Coward (Toothless Man) set upon a couple of city slickers (played by Ned Beatty and Jon Voight) who have taken a wrong turn on a canoeing trip in the deep south. The wild-eyed, rotten-toothed Mountain Man brandishes a knife, taunts Beatty’s character, forces him to undress and then rapes him, demanding that he "squeal like a pig" – perhaps one of the best-known lines in 70s cinema.

Boorman later told the journalist Roger Clarke that Stanley Kubrick found this episode particularly terrifying and wanted McKinney for the role of the ruthless drill sergeant in Full Metal Jacket (1987). McKinney accepted, but the director eventually backed out: "Kubrick couldn’t bear to face him – he was just too afraid."

McKinney said that when the scene was filmed, he had drawn upon his memories of being bullied as a child after his family moved from Tennessee – he was born in Chattanooga – to Georgia. He dropped out of school and joined the US navy, serving on a minesweeper during the Korean war. He trained as an actor at the Pasadena Playhouse in California and broke into TV and films in the late 60s, working on and off as a tree surgeon to help pay the bills.

He made westerns with the directors Sam Peckinpah (Junior Bonner, 1972) and John Huston (The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean, 1972) and appeared as the smiling Parallax Assassin at Seattle’s Space Needle in the dazzling opening sequence of Alan J Pakula’s The Parallax View (1974). He also stood out as a gunman in Don Siegel’s The Shootist (1976), firing at John Wayne, who has spied him in a saloon mirror, at the climax of Wayne’s final film.

After appearing with Sylvester Stallone in First Blood (1982), McKinney expanded his repertoire of heavies, creeps and small-town sheriffs with regular TV engagements throughout the 80s and 90s. He was still called upon for mainstream movies, including Back to the Future Part III (1990) and The Green Mile (1999). In 2003 Maxim magazine named McKinney and his Deliverance co-star Coward the greatest movie villains of all time, and the pair later reunited for a western, Ghost Town: The Movie (2007).

In 2000 he released a country-tinged album, Love Songs from Antri, its title a reference to Aintry, the men’s destination in Deliverance. The 2004 film Undertow – another tale of violence and survival in the deep south, with McKinney cast this time as a saviour figure – used one of his tunes, entitled Pistols of Gold. In an interview in 1976 with William R Horner, published in Horner’s book Bad at the Bijou, McKinney had explained his hopes for a singing career that would eventually balance out all of those villainous roles: "If you can show people that you have some kind of sensitivity … then people will say, ‘Jesus Christ, man, the cat can sing a song! He’s got feelings!’"

McKinney was married several times and is survived by his son, Clinton.

Owning and riding a motorcycle has become one of the most popular hobbies of people all across not only the United States but also all over the world too. The responsibilities of people owning a motorcycle include purchasing a helmet, eye protection, a Full face guard, long pants, boots, driving gloves, goggles, an insurance policy and other items. Some states in the country require all motorcycle riders to wear a helmet when operating the bike no matter what their age is.

Motorcycle helmets, such as motocross helmets and BMX helmets, can be purchased at stores such as the ones owned and operated by the Harley Davidson company. Carbon fiber helmets and fiberglass helmets are sold these days for bikers to wear and protect themselves when riding the bike.

When it comes time for routine maintenance the owner has to take the bike to get inspected, have its oil changed, fill the tank with gas, and sometimes even replace the tires that it runs on if they become too worn down after repeated use. Icon gear is one of the most popular categories of motorcycle gear available for purchase on the market today. Icon gear includes jackets, boots, patches, gloves, goggles and other items.

Extra equipment that can be purchased for a motorcycle include luggage, a bike stand, battery chargers, motorcycle covers, bike exhausts, tie downs and other items. Some motorcycles come with storage containers that the rider can use to put their cell phone, wallet, or license in when riding their bike. If the motorcycle does not come with these side compartments the biker can purchase them on the Internet or at Harley Davidson stores across the country.

Searching for a motorcycle accessory store near a biker is easy to do by using an Internet search engine and then browsing through the results. A motorcyclist should also consider purchasing a pair of driving sunglasses if they do not buy a visor or goggles to protect their eyes. Being shaded from the sun helps ensure the driver of his or her safety when riding a motorcycle.

Lionael Massey is an author that love writing about motorcycles and riding motorcycles. Get half motorcycle helmets from this neat half motorcycle helmet store

, , ,

Comments are closed.