Sandlerresearch : Global And China Cigs Thin Film Solar Cell Industry

October 5, 2014

Christian Film Industry

Sir Hubert Wilkins birth house in Mt Bryan East South Australia. Restored by Australian Geographic Society and Dick Smith grants.
Christian Film Industry
Image by denisbin
The early pastoralists in the area were those of the wider district and included the Hallett brothers who were based at Willogoleche near Hallett. At the foot of Mt Bryan a run of the same name was established by Joseph Gilbert of Pewsey Vale (and Gilberton) when he purchased leasehold land from the Hallett brothers in the late 1850s. He added more freehold land once the hundred was surveyed after 1869. Eventually this run was bought by Edmund and Charles Bowman (of Martindale Hall fame) in 1883 after the death of Joseph Gilbert. Within ten years they had sold out to members of the Angas family (of Angaston and Hill River outside of Clare), the largest landowners in the state. Other early pastoralists in this area included Chewings and Dare.

The first farmers settled in the area after the hundred was surveyed in the mid 1870s. The focus of the district was the Mt Bryan East School which was established by 1884. About fifty families lived in the district by then. A Methodist Bible Christian Church was built in 1881 at a cost of £161 about one mile away from the school. Edward Gare a pastoralist was one of the trustees in the 1880s but he sold his Mt Bryan East property in 1891. A later church replaced the original church in 1913. The school finally closed in 1945 after the Second World War.

The most famous student of the school was Sir George Hubert Wilkins. He revisited My Bryan East in 1938 and below is information taken from the entry about him in the Australian Dictionary of Biography. WILKINS, Sir GEORGE HUBERT (1888-1958), war correspondent and photographer, polar explorer, naturalist, geographer, climatologist and aviator, was born on 31 October 1888 at Mount Bryan East, South Australia, thirteenth child of Henry Wilkins, farmer, and his wife Louisa, née Smith. As a child, George experienced the devastation caused by drought and developed an interest in climatic phenomena. Reared as a Methodist, he studied engineering part time at the South Australian School of Mines and Industries, then pursued interests in photography and cinematography in Adelaide and Sydney. In 1908 he sailed for England to work for the Gaumont Film Co. As a newspaper reporter and cameraman,
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Photos of Mt Bryan East School and the Wilkins homestead.

Wilkins visited different countries; he also learned to fly and experimented with aerial photography. As a war correspondent and photographer, in 1912 he covered the fighting between the Turks and Bulgarians. From 1913 to 1916 he was second-in-command on Vilhjalmur Stefansson’s Canadian Arctic expedition: Wilkins became adept in the art of survival in Polar Regions.
Returning to Australia, on 1 May 1917 he was commissioned as second lieutenant in the Australian Imperial Force (Australian Flying Corps). By August he had been transferred to the general list and was at Anzac Corps headquarters. Wilkins was awarded the Military Cross ‘for bringing in some wounded men’.
He entered the England to Australia air race in 1919, but his aircraft, a Blackburn Kangaroo, experienced engine failure and crash-landed in Crete; he arrived in Australia by sea in July 1920 and his A.I.F. appointment terminated. Engaging in further polar exploration, in 1920-21 he made his first visit to the Antarctic, accompanying J. L. Cope on his unsuccessful voyage to Graham Land. Wilkins next took part in Sir Ernest Shackleton’s Quest expedition of 1921-22 on which he made ornithological observations. Wilkins’s book, Undiscovered Australia (New York, 1929), showed the extent and quality of his work over two and a half years from 1923; in addition to mammals, the collections included plants, birds, insects, fish, minerals, fossils and Aboriginal artefacts. When a projected Antarctic expedition failed through lack of funds in 1926, he began a programme of Arctic exploration by air. The enterprise culminated in his great feat of air navigation: in April 1928, with Carl Ben Eielson as pilot, he flew from Point Barrow, Alaska, United States of America, eastward over the Arctic Sea to Spitsbergen (Svalbard), Norway. He was knighted in June, and awarded the Patron’s medal of the Royal Geographical Society of London and the Samuel Finley Breese Morse medal of the American Geographical Society.
His book, Flying the Arctic (New York, 1928), publicized the achievement. On 30 August 1929 in the registry office, Cleveland, Ohio, Wilkins married Suzanne Evans, an Australian-born actress known by her stage name ‘Suzanne Bennett’. Though they were to remain childless, the marriage was a happy one and both parties pursued their own careers. Sir Hubert had carried out the first aerial explorations of the Antarctic in November 1928 and January 1929. In collaboration with Lincoln Ellsworth, he made four further expeditions (1933-34, 1934-35, 1935-36 and 1938-39) to the Antarctic continent. A fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal Meteorological Society (1923), Wilkins could be dismissive of conventional scientific method. He died suddenly in his hotel room at Framingham, Massachusetts, on 30 November 1958 and was cremated; four months later his ashes were scattered from the Skate at the North Pole.
The home where he grew up is called “Wilkens” and is still standing and has been fully rebuilt and restored. We return to the bitumen and head north for Lancelot.

Original Source: CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Industry

Also Browse: Thin Film Market, Solar Cell Market

2010 Deep Research Report on Global and China CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Industry was professional and depth research report on global and China CIGS thin film solar cell industry.this report has introduced almost all global and China CIGS projects, included CIGS project background, CIGS equipment sources, CIGS manufacturing process, CIGS thin film solar cell product specifications, CIGS module capacity and production, capacity expansion,CIGS module selling price, manufacturing cost, profit margin etc related information. Besides commercial production projects, the report also introduced building or planning CIGS projects,in a word, almost all CIGS projects were included in this report. Then, the report introduced global and China CIGS production,demand,supply and demand relation,average selling price,cost,profit margin and 2010-2014 development trend. in addition to this.the report has introduced CIGS manufacturing process (Co-Evaporation,Sputtering Selenization,Printing Selenization,Electrodeposition Selenization etc), CIGS Equipments(several equipment suppliers and their equipment specifications),in the end, we introduced CIGS project Feasibility analysis and related research conclusions. In a word, CIGS has become best solar cell invested product compare to other PV materials, as time go on, CIGS module efficiency will continue increasing and its 2009 average about 12% which is higher than 2008 about 10%.and some middle line product reach about 16%-17%, their commercial product efficiency was near crystalline silicon solar cell and module.at the same time, CIGS module cost has greatly reduce, some equipment suppliers said that their product line could reduce their manufacturing cost to about 0.8USD/Watt. and thanks for CIGS technology improvement and cost reduction, Japan Solar Frontier hope become global Second First Solar.and Solar Frontier was carrying out their GW class expansion of CIGS business.more and more news showed CIGS is becoming a rare bright spot in the field of solar energy,as CIGS raw materials equipment module etc related sub-industry chain development,QYResearch believed CIGS would become the better solar cell or module with high efficiency low cost and large scale capacity.

In a word, it was a depth research report on Global and China CIGS thin film solar cell industry. And thanks to the support and assistance from CIGS industry chain related experts and enterprises during QYResearch Solar Energy Team survey and interview.

Also Browse: Thin Film Market, Solar Cell Market

Table of Contents:

Chapter One CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Overview 1

1.1 Definition of CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell 1

1.2 Classification and Application 4

1.3 Industry Chain Structure 4

1.4 Difference between CIGS and Other Solar Cell 5

Chapter Two Manufacture Technology and Processes of CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell 6

2.1 CIGS Manufacturing Technology Overview 6

2.1.1 Multicomponent Co-Evaporation(Vacuum Processes) 9

2.1.2 Sputtering+Selenization (Vacuum Processes) 12

2.1.3 Printing (Non-Vacuum Processes) 14

2.1.4 Electrideposition (Non-Vacuum Processes) 15

2.2 CIGS Process and Equipment Analysis 17

2.3 CIGS Equipment List 20

2.4 CIGS Detection Equipment List 21

2.5 CIGS BOM(Bill Of Material) 22

Chapter Three CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Productions Supply Sales Demand Market Status and Forecast 22

3.1 CIGS Productions Overview 22

3.2 CIGS Global Manufacturer Market Share 27

3.3 CIGS China Manufacturer Market Share 28

3.2 Global and China CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Demand 29

3.3 Supply and Demand of Global and China CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell 30

3.4 CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Cost Price Value Efficiency Profit Margin 30

Chapter Four CIGS Manufactuers 31

4.1 Showa Shell Solar(Solar Frontier) (Japan) CuInSe2 31

4.2 Global Solar Energy (US) Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 37

4.3 Wrth Solar (Germany) CuInSe2 42

4.4 Solibro Solar(Q-CELL) (Germany) Cu(lnGa)Se2 48

4.5 Honda Soltec(Japan)Cu(lnGa)Se2 53

4.6 Miasol (US) Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 58

4.7 Johanna Solar Technology (Germany) Cu(lnGa)(SSe)2 62

4.8 Odersun(China AT&M) (Germany) Flexible CISCut 67

4.9 Sulfurcell (Germany) CulnSe2 71

4.10 AVANCIS(Shell Solar) (Germany) CulnSe2 76

4.11 Nanosolar (US) Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 81

4.12 Ascent Solar(US) Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 87

4.13 Sunvim Solar (Shandong China) Cu(lnGa)(SSe)2 91

4.14 SoloPower (US) Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 95

4.15 Jenn Feng New Energy (Taiwan) Cu(lnGa)Se2 99

4.16 Sunshine PV(Taiwan) Cu(lnGa)Se2 103

4.17 Axuntek Solar (Taiwan) Cu(lnGa)Se2 108

4.18 Ritek Solar (Ritek and Scheuten) (Taiwan) Cu(lnGa)Se2 111

4.19 AUO (Taiwan) Cu(lnGa)Se2 115

4.20 Daiyang Metal(South Korea)Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 119

4.20.1 CIGS Project Overvie 119

4.20.2 Project Plan and Forecast 120

4.21 HelioVolt (US) Cu(lnGa)Se2 120

4.22 DayStar (US) Cu(lnGa)Se2 123

4.23 Flisom (Switzerland) Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 126

4.24 Nanowin (Taiwan) Cu(lnGa)Se2 130

4.25 Others 133

4.25.1 CIS Solartechnik (Germany) CIS 133

4.25.2 Istar Solar (Italy) Flexible CIGS 134

4.25.3 Scheuten Solar (Netherlands) CIS 137

4.25.4 Shurjo Energy Private (India) CIGS 137

4.25.5 Solyndra (US) Tube-Shaped CIGS 138

4.25.6 CIS Solartechnik (Germany) CIS 143

4.25.7 CIS Scientific (Canada) Flexible CIS 143

4.25.8 InterPhases Solar (US) Flexible CIS 145

4.25.9 ISET (US) Flexible CIGS 146

4.25.10 PVflex Solar (Germany) Flexible CIGS 146

Chapter Five CIGS Building and Planing Projects 148

5.1 Natural Source Energy Systems (Beijing China)Cu(lnGa)Se2 149

5.1.1 CIGS Project Overvie 150

5.1.2 Project Plan and Forecast 150

5.2 GroupSat Solar (Suzhou China) Flexible Cu(lnGa)Se2 151

5.2.1 CIGS Project Overvie 151

5.2.2 Project Plan and Forecast 151

5.3 Guangzhou Huamao(Baiyun District Guangzhou) 152

5.3.1 CIGS Project Overvie 152

5.3.2 Project Plan and Forecast 153

5.4 Huitong Guarantee (Panzhihua Sichuan) 153

5.4.1 CIGS Project Overvie 153

5.4.2 Project Plan and Forecast 154

5.5 ARION(Jinzhou) 154

5.5.1 CIGS Project Overvie 154

5.5.2 Project Plan and Forecast 155

5.6 Weihai China Glass Solar(Weihai) 155

5.6.1 CIGS Project Overvie 155

5.6.2 Project Plan and Forecast 156

5.7 Shanxi Hongshen PV New Energy (Shanxi) 156

5.7.1 CIGS Project Overvie 156

5.7.2 Project Plan and Forecast 159

5.8 Shangke PV (Guilin) 159

5.8.1 CIGS Project Overvie 159

5.8.2 Project Plan and Forecast 160

5.9 Yanyuan PV(Henan) CIGS 160

5.9.1 CIGS Project Overvie 160

5.9.2 Project Plan and Forecast 163

5.10 Suwan Solar(Anhui) 163

5.10.1 CIGS Project Overvie 163

5.10.2 Project Plan and Forecast 165

5.11 Quandong Solar(Nanjing) 165

5.11.1 CIGS Project Overvie 165

5.11.2 Project Plan and Forecast 169

5.12 Chuanghui Optical (Fujian Quanzhou) 169

5.12.1 CIGS Project Overvie 169

5.12.2 Project Plan and Forecast 170

Chapter Six CIGS Equipment Suppliers 170

6.1 Veeco (US) 171

6.2 Centrotherm(FHR) (Germany) 172

6.3 ULVAC (Japan) 174

6.4 XsunX (US) 174

6.5 Amelio Solar(RESI) (US) 175

6.6 Nanowin (Taiwan) 177

6.7 GPM (Taiwan) 180

Chapter Seven Feasibility Analysis of China New CIGS Thin Film Project 180

7.1 Opportunity and Risk of China 50MW CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Project 180

7.2 Feasibility Analysis of China 50MW CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Project 181

Chapter Eight CIGS Thin Film Solar Cell Research Conclusions 209

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